IN KHMER CULTURE
November 26, 2008
Pidan is a piece of cloth
traditionally hung above statues of the Buddha. It can be made from different
types of cloth, of different colors, sizes and design. Some pidan are
made of plain cloth, while others are made of multi-colored cloths, golden
cloths, monk robes, or many smaller pieces of hol cloth. Sometimes they
are made from silk using the same weaving technique as hol clothing but
with different motifs. We call this "hol pidan".
The Pidan Project Team (PPT) aims to set-up a
permanent "Pidan" exhibition in Phnom Penh to introduce pidan, a
magnificent Cambodian pictorial ikat silk cloth, to both international and
domestic audiences. We aim to support the revival of this unique Cambodian
cultural and artistic tradition because in the wake of decades of civil war, the
pidan tradition has nearly disappeared. Antique pidan are rare in
Cambodia because they were either destroyed during the wars or taken out of the
country to join foreign art collections. Skilled pidan weavers are
getting old and once they pass on, the techniques and complicated motifs of
pidan will vanish with them.
Following the suggestion by REYUM to find out the
meaning of "Pidan" pictorial ikat silk cloth for Cambodians for knowledge
and preservation of "Pidan" , we, the members of PPT: Ms. KOMI Kaoru, Dr.
MIYAMOTO Kazuko, Ms. MIZUSAWA Aya, Ms. SEKIGUCHI Harumi, Ms. TANAKA Sachiko, Ms.
TATEYAMA Kyoko, and Dr. YONEKURA Yukiko, consulted REYUM how to conduct this
research. REYUM introduced us Mr. Siyonn Sophearith and he kindly agreed to
conduct this research in summer of 2007. When he had finished this Pidan
report, we noticed that it included so much precious information regarding "Pidan"
unknown to the public. This is why we wanted to publish it and to hold an
* For more info about PPT
With the financial support by the Tokyo Club